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Checkers has been solved

Checkers has been reduced to the level of tic-tac-toe.

From an article today in the New York Times:

Champion at Checkers That Cannot Lose to People
Published: July 20, 2007

Checkers has been solved.

A computer program named Chinook vanquished its human competitors at tournaments more than a decade ago. But now, in an article published Thursday on the Web site of the journal Science, the scientists at the University of Alberta who developed the program report that they have rigorously proved that Chinook, in a slightly improved version, cannot ever lose. Any opponent, human or computer, no matter how skilled, can at best achieve a draw.

In essence, that reduces checkers to the level of tic-tac-toe, for which the ideal game-playing strategy has been codified into an immutable strategy. But checkers – or draughts, as it is known in Britain – is the most complex game that has been solved to date, with some 500 billion billion possible board positions, compared with the 765 possibilities in tic-tac-toe.

This is why real men play chess. :)

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2 comments… add one
  • jaced.com September 7, 2007, 11:33 am


    Are there any games left that humans can still win? Here’s a list of other games that have been researched.

  • jaced.com September 13, 2007, 4:49 pm

    Even though a Rubik’s Cube has about 43 quintillion (43,000,000,000,000,000,000) possible configurations, it’s been proven possible to solve a cube starting in any one of those configurations in 26 moves or less.

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