1. The state of Hawaii consists of eight main islands: Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Maui, Molokai, Lanai, Kahoolawe, and the Big Island of Hawaii.
2. Hawaii is the most isolated population center on the face of the earth. Hawaii is 2,390 miles from California; 3,850 miles from Japan; 4,900 miles from China; and 5,280 miles from the Philippines.
3. Hawaii is the only state that grows coffee.
4. More than one-third of the world’s commercial supply of pineapples comes from Hawaii.
5. There are only 12 letters in the Hawaiian alphabet.
* Vowels: A, E, I, O, U
* Consonants: H, K, L, M, N, P, W
***Every Hawaiian word ends with a vowel
6. From east to west Hawaii is the widest state in the United States.
7. The Hawaiian Islands are the projecting tops of the biggest mountain range in the world.
8. Honolulu’s zenith star, (the star that rises directly above it) is Arcturus. The Hawaiians called it Hokule’a. (Hoe koo lay uh.)
9. Under-sea volcanoes that erupted thousands of years ago formed the islands of Hawaii.
10. The Hawaiian Archipelago consists of over 130 scattered points of land stretching some 1,600 miles in length from the Kure Atoll in the north to the Island of Hawaii in the south.
11. The first Asian American in the United States Senate was Hawaii’s Hiram Fong. Descended from Chinese immigrants, Fong was elected to the Senate in 1959.
12. Hawaii was the 50th state admitted to the union on August 20th, 1959.
13. Island flowers and colors used to represent each island.
* Niihau – Pupu Shell – White
* Kauai – Mokihana (Green Berry) – Purple
* Oahu – Ilima -Yellow
* Maui – Lokelani (Pink Cottage Rose) – Pink
* Molokai – White Kukui Blossom – Green
* Lanai – Kaunaoa (Yellow and Orange Air Plant) – Orange
* Kahoolawe – Hinahina (Beach Heliotrope) – Grey
* Big Island of Hawaii – Lehua Ohia – Red
14. Hawaii has its own time zone (Hawaiian Standard Time.) There is no daylight savings time.) The time runs two hours behind Pacific Standard Time and five hours behind Eastern Standard Time.
15. There are four counties in Hawaii (Kauai; city and county of Honolulu; Maui; and Hawaii). Each city has a mayor and council in charge.
16. All subterranean minerals belong to the state. Except for state owned water, some lava stone, and minor granites and semi-precious minerals, there are few underground minerals.
17. The wind blows east to west in Hawaii. The highest recorded temperature is 96′ F (Honolulu Airport), but temperatures over 92′ F generally occur only once or twice a year. The lowest temperature (under 3000 feet altitude) is 56′ F. Temperatures under 60′ F may occur but rarely more than once a year. Average daytime temp. (July) is 82′ F. Average daytime temperature in January is 72′ F.
18. There are no racial or ethnic majorities in Hawaii. Everyone is a minority. Caucasians (Haoles) constitute about 34%; Japanese-American about 32%; Filipino-American about 16% and Chinese-American about 5%. It is very difficult to determine racial identification as most of the population has some mixture of ethnicities.
ISLAND OF NIIHAU
19. A privately owned island, with livestock raising as its principal industry. There is highly limited access by general public through helicopter landings at uninhabited sites. Legend says Niihau was the original home of the goddess Pele. The island has a population of 230, and is 69 square miles.
ISLAND OF KAUAI
20. The fourth largest of the Hawaiian Islands.
21. The Waialua River is one of five navigable river in Hawaii. It drains off Waialeale Mountain, which averages 488 inches of rain per year and is considered the wettest spot on earth.
22. The Waimea, the Hanape’pe, the Lumahai and the Hanalei River are almost as big and quite navigable. The Hanalei River was dedicated a “national treasure” recently and is under government protection from use as a “place of business”.
ISLAND OF OAHU
23. Honolulu is the largest city in the world — at least it has the longest borders. According to the state constitution any island (or islet) not named as belonging to a county belongs to Honolulu. This makes all islands within the Hawaiian Archipelago, that stretch to Midway Island (1,500 miles northwest of Hawaii) part of Honolulu. Honolulu is about 1,500 miles long or more distance than halfway across the 48 contiguous states.
24. Wai Golf Course is Hawaii’s first municipal course.
25. Honolulu is the nation’s 11th largest metropolitan area.
26. More than 100 world-renowned beaches ring Honolulu.
27. Iolani Palace is the only royal palace in the United States.
28. The world’s largest wind generator is on the island of Oahu. The windmill has two blades 400 feet long on the top of a tower twenty stories high.
29. The island of Oahu draws more visitors than any other to Hawaii. One-third of the state’s best surfing beaches are on Oahu.
ISLAND OF MAUI
30. The island is home to many famous attractions including Haleakala Crater, the old whaling town of Lahaina, the road to Hana, and Kaanapali Beach.
31. Haleakala Crater (Ha-lay-ah-ja-lah), is the world’s largest dormant volcano.
ISLAND OF MOLOKAI
32. Molokai is known as the most Hawaiian Isle.
33. Molokai’s east end is a tropical rain forest and part of the island receives 240 inches of rainfall a year.
34. Molokai Ranch Wildlife Park is home to rare African and Indian animals.
35. Kalaaupapa was once a leper colony administered by Father Damien.
36. The island contains the world’s highest sea cliffs, Hawaii’s longest waterfall, and the largest white sand beach in the state.
ISLAND OF LANAI
37. The island of Lanai is considered Hawaii’s most secluded.
38. The island was once the home of the world’s largest pineapple plantations.
39. Hulope Bay is a marine preserve and considered one of the best diving spots in the world.
ISLAND OF KAHOOLAWE
40. Once used as a target by the U.S. Navy and Air Force the services are cleaning up unexploded shells. No one is allowed to go ashore without permission. The island consists of an uninhabited area of 45 square miles.
THE BIG ISLAND OF HAWAII
41. The Big Island is Hawaii’s largest at 4,038 square miles. It is twice the size of all other Hawaiian Islands combined.
42. The largest contiguous ranch, in the United States, is in Hawaii. The Parker Ranch near Kamuela has about 480,000 acres of land.
43. At 800,000 years the Big Island is the youngest of the island chain. However, it was the first island discovered by voyaging Polynesians.
44. Kilauea volcano is the world’s most active.
45. Ka Lae is the southernmost point in the United States. It is located at 18:54:49 N 155:41:00 W. There is a constant 27 knots per hour wind blowing east to west, 24 hours per day and 365 days per year.
46. Two of the tallest mountains in the Pacific – Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa – dominate the center of the island. Most of the world’s macadamia nuts are grown on the island.
47. Kilauea Iki is the world’s most active and largest volcano.
48. Mauna Kea is the tallest mountain in the world (measured from its base at the ocean floor).
49. The island houses the world’s biggest telescope and more scientific observatories in one place than anywhere else in the world.
50. The island is the worldwide leader in harvesting macadamia nuts and orchids.
Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace is the oldest Roman Catholic cathedral in continous use today in the United States.
‘Iolani Palace is the only official royal residence on United States land.
Kawaiahao Church is known as the Westminster Abbey of Hawai‘i.
Moana Hotel is the first hotel in Waikīkī.
Royal Hawaiian Hotel was the Western White House of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt; the Shirley Temple cocktail was invented at one of its bars.
Hawai‘i has the most endemic species of plants and animals that are vulnerable to outside threats. Ecologists have called Hawai‘i the endangered species capital. Among the rarest of these species is the Po‘ouli Hawaiian honeycreeper; it has only two known survivors found in Maui.
Hawai‘i orientation is not expressed using traditional cardinal directions of north, south, east and west. Traditional compass points are sometimes considered confusing or even impractical in a mountainous island environment, especially when used for driving directions. Instead, the term mauka is used to orient a person towards the mountain or center of an island. Makai is used to orient a person towards the sea. On the island of O‘ahu, Diamond Head is used to orient a person towards the eastern shore. ‘Ewa is used to orient a person towards the western shore.
The North American Numbering Plan area code prescribed for the entire state of Hawai‘i is 808. It is one of only a few states to have a single, unified area code.
Hawai‘i is the only state that does not observe Daylight Saving Time in any of its territories; two other states (Arizona and Indiana) have territories which do not observe Daylight Saving Time.
Despite its notoriety for having one of the most centralized state governments in the United States, Hawai‘ is the only one without a state police force. It is also the only state without a unified Department of Motor Vehicles; vehicle registration and driver license issuance is delegated to the four counties.
Kamehameha Day is the only holiday in the United States that celebrates a monarch. Prince Kuhio Day is the only other day that celebrates the life of a royal.
James Kealoha, Lieutenant Governor of Hawai‘i, was the center of a dramatic presidential ballot recount in the race for President of the United States between John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon. In 1960, Kealoha ordered an audit of ballots when it seemed Kennedy would win by a slim margin. The election nationwide was so close, Hawai‘i effectively had the power to decide the winner. Kealoha certified the vote total in favor of fellow Republican Nixon resulting in the call of national Democrats for a recount. The recounts were tied up in the Hawai‘i State Judiciary. Confusion led to crisis as the Democrats submitted their three electoral votes for Kennedy while at the same time Republicans submitted their three electoral votes for Nixon. The result was finally resolved on the floor of the United States Senate during the electoral college certification process.